hebrews 4 commentary

Here was the likeness of sinful flesh, Romans 8:5; and by thus assuming human nature, he was completely qualified to make an atonement for the sins of the world. Hebrews 4:10 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Hebrews 4:10, NIV: "for anyone who enters God's rest also rests from their works, just as God did from his." That this exhortation of the apostle may not be lost on us, let us consider: -. . Hebrews 4:3) because it illustrates the fact that rest follows work. Rebus aliis omissis, hoc agamus; All things else omitted, this one thing let us do. See the notes on Genesis 2:1, etc., and See here Hebrews 2:6; (note). 2 For we also have had the good news proclaimed to us, just as they did; but the message they heard was of no value to them, because they did … I understand it as including both. Some have thought that by the expression before us is implied that the word of God is able to bring death, as in the case of Ananias and Sapphira; for, say they, if the soul and spirit, or the joints and marrow are separated one from another, it is impossible that life can remain. But the word preached did not profit them - Αλλ ουκ ωφελησεν ὁ λογος της ακοης εκεινους· But the word of hearing did not profit them. Phocylides has an expression very similar to our author, where he says, of reason, 'that it is a weapon which penetrates deeper into a man than a sword.' xxv. See Hammond, Whitby, Sykes, and Pierce. We receive grace, improve grace, retain grace, that we may obtain eternal glory. Is living and powerful — Attended with the power of the living God, and conveying either life or death to the hearers. A description of the word of God, Hebrews 4:12, Hebrews 4:13. And instead of εισερχομεθα γαρ, for we do enter, AC, several others, with the Vulgate and Coptic, read εισερχωμεθα ουν, therefore let us enter; and thus it answers to φωβηθωμεν ουν, therefore let us fear, Hebrews 4:1; but this reading cannot well stand unless οι πιστευσαντες be omitted, which is acknowledged to be genuine by every MS. and version of note and importance. Piercing — Quite through, and laying open. How dreadful the thought, to have only missed being eternally saved! Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. In the Old Testament, faith is rarely mentioned. Grace is that by which the soul is supported after it has received this mercy, and by which it is purified from all unrighteousness, and upheld in all trials and difficulties, and enabled to prove faithful unto death. The Word of God is always an issue in our lives. Hebrews 4 shows a connection between God's rest on the Sabbath day during the creation week and the thousand-year reign of Christ, commonly called the "Millennium. Commentary on Hebrews 4:1-10 (Read Hebrews 4:1-10) The privileges we have under the gospel, are greater than any had under the law of Moses, though the same gospel for substance was preached under both Testaments. He passed through the veil into the holy place, and was not seen even by the priests. Let us labor therefore - The word σπουδασωμεν implies every exertion of body and mind which can be made in reference to the subject. The greatest gift a human being can be given is to hear this message, the Gospel Message, because around it our belief system is to be conformed. All these are reasons why we should persevere. Those who restrain the word rest to the signification of eternal glory, say, that ceasing from our own works relates to the sufferings, tribulations, afflictions, etc., of this life; as in Revelation 14:13. "See how this mighty champion (martial ram) is drawn by the neck by a common girl." Hebrews 10:19-note Therefore, brethren, since we have confidence to … But this is a rest differing from the seventh day's rest, or Sabbath, which was the original type of Canaan, the blessings of the Gospel, and eternal glory; seeing God said, concerning the unbelieving Israelites in the wilderness, I have sworn in my wrath that they shall not enter into my rest, notwithstanding the works of creation were finished, and the seventh day's rest was instituted from the foundation of the world; consequently the Israelites had entered into that rest before the oath was sworn. Faith, therefore, must be mixed with all that we hear, in order to make the word of God effectual to our salvation. I hope it was not to serve a system, as some have since used it: "Some must go to heaven, for so is the doctrine of the decree; and there must be certain persons infallibly brought thither as a reward to Christ for his sufferings; and in this the will of man and free agency can have no part," etc, etc. Hebrews 4:2 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Hebrews 4:2, NIV: "For we also have had the good news proclaimed to us, just as they did; but the message they heard was of no value to them, because they did not share the faith of those who obeyed." To these he answers: We have a High Priest who is passed into the heavens, Jesus, the Son of God; therefore let us hold fast our profession. enter irresistibly into the soul, and produce some sentiment which perhaps it would not willingly have received; and sometimes discover and punish secret, as well as open wickedness.' How often has it happened that a man has seen the whole of his own character, and some of the most private transactions of his life, held up as it were to public view by the preacher; and yet the parties absolutely unknown to each other! Not being mixed with faith in them that heard - There are several various readings in this verse, and some of them important. As Jesus Christ tasted death for every man, so every man may go to that propitiatory, and take the mercy that is suited to his degree of guilt. How to enter God’s rest. Scripture: Hebrews 4:14–5:3. God speaks now as he spoke before; his voice is in the Gospel as it was in the law. Hebrews 4 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, by the leading authority in the Church of Christ, presents a verse level look at the Bible. He rests from all these works of the law as fully as God has rested from his works of creation. By spirit is meant a superior power by which we prefer future things to present, by which we are directed to pursue truth and right above all things, and even to despise what is agreeable to our present state, if it stand in competition with, or is prejudicial to, our future happiness. Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary 4:1-10 The privileges we have under the gospel, are greater than any had under the law of Moses, though the same gospel for substance was preached under both Testaments. Believe, love, obey, and ye shall enter into this rest. Commentary on Hebrews 1:1-4. This is probably the metaphor in. Three things the apostle professes to prove in this epistle: -. John Piper Nov 18, 1990 4 Shares Sermon. Romans 14:12; : So then every one of us λογον δωσει, shall give an account of himself to God. God gave them every requisite advantage; he has done the same to us. (Hebrews Commentary online) Hebrews 4:16-note Therefore let us draw near with confidence to the throne of grace, so that we may receive mercy and find grace to help in time of need. It has been supposed that the phraseology here is sacrificial, the apostle referring to the case, of slaying and preparing a victim to be offered to God. The rest promised to the Hebrews was a type of that promised to Christians, Hebrews 4:3-10. That this propitiatory or mercy-seat is sprinkled with the atoning blood of that Lamb of God which taketh away the sin of the world. It is true the Septuagint generally write Ιησους Ναυη, or Υἱος Ναυη, Jesus Nave, or Jesus, son of Nave, for it is thus they translate נון בן יהושע Yehoshua ben Nun, Joshua the son of Nun; and this is sufficient to distinguish it from Jesus, son of David. There, remaineth therefore a rest to the people of God - It was not. And powerful, ενεργης, efficacious, active; sufficient, if it be not actually hindered, to produce its effects; effectual, Philemon 1:6. It is here compared to a two-edged sword; but will a sword cut or pierce to the dividing of joints and marrow, or separation of soul and spirit, unless some hand push and direct it? Through him we have confidence to come to God, Hebrews 4:16. - When the soul is thus distinguished from the spirit, by the former is meant that inferior faculty by which we think of and desire what concerns our present being and welfare. To whom a worde to us, is the rendering of my old MS. and Wiclif. Spurgeon - Adopted by the Wesleyan Conference as a standard work, and characterized by that body as marked by “solid learning, soundness of theological opinion, and an edifying attention to experimental and practical religion. as far as his human nature could bear affinity to ours; for, though he had a perfect human body and human soul, yet that body was perfectly tempered; it was free from all morbid action, and consequently from all irregular movements. Hebrews 4 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary is one of the most respected interdenominational commentaries ever written. For he that is entered into his rest - The man who has believed in Christ Jesus has entered into his rest; the state of happiness which he has provided, and which is the forerunner of eternal glory. Here, nothing is to be feared, provided the heart be right with God, truly sincere, and trusting alone in the sacrificial blood. Jesus, our High Priest. Let us therefore come boldly unto the throne of grace - The allusion to the high priest, and his office on the day of atonement, is here kept up. What the apostle had said before, relative to the rest, might be considered as an allegory; here he explains and applies that allegory, showing that Canaan was a type of the grand privileges of the Gospel of Christ, and of the glorious eternity to which they lead. For he spake in a certain place — Namely, Genesis 2:2; Exodus 31:17; on this wise, God did rest, &c. — These words the apostle quotes, because they show that the seventh-day rest is fitly called God’s rest, and that the seventh-day rest was observed from the creation of the world. Calmet, who had read all that either the ancients or moderns have said on this subject, and who does not think that Jesus Christ is here intended, speaks thus: "None of the properties mentioned here can be denied to the Son of God, the eternal Word; he sees all things, knows all things, penetrates all things, and can do all things. Salem Media Group. So Isaiah says: The word of our God shall stand for ever; Isaiah 40:8. That we may obtain mercy - Ἱνα λαβωμεν ελεον· That we may take mercy - that we may receive the pardon of all our sins; there is mercy for the taking. The word of God penetrates deeper into a man than any sword; it enters into the soul and spirit, into all our sensations, passions, appetites, nay, to our very thoughts; and sits as judge of the most secret intentions, contrivances, and sentiments of the heart. This Christian fear is not the fear which makes a man run away from a task; nor the fear which reduces him to paralysed inaction; it is the fear which makes him put out every ounce of strength he possesses in a great effort not to miss … Seeing then that we have a great high priest - It is contended, and very properly, that the particle ουν, which we translate seeing, as if what followed was an immediate inference from what the apostle had been speaking, should be translated now; for the apostle, though he had before mentioned Christ as the High Priest of our profession, Hebrews 3:1, and as the High Priest who made reconciliation for the sins of the people, Hebrews 2:17, does not attempt to prove this in any of the preceding chapters, but now enters upon that point, and discusses it at great length to the end of chap. In what follows the author seems to live in the world of the Old Testament rather than his own. 2 For unto us was the gospel preached, as well as unto them: but the word preached did not profit them, not being mixed with faith in them that heard it. The object of these words … That Jesus Christ, the eternal, uncreated Word, is not meant here, is more than probable from this consideration, that St. Paul, in no part of his thirteen acknowledged epistles, ever thus denominates our blessed Lord; nor is he thus denominated by any other of the New Testament writers except St. John. In the introduction to this epistle I have produced sufficient evidence to make it very probable that St. Paul was the author of this epistle. Hebrews 4:13 And there is no creature hidden from His sight, but all things are open and laid bare to the eyes of Him with whom we have to do (NASB: Lockman). See the note on the verb δοκειν, to seem, Luke 8:18; (note). He quotes passage after passage from the Psalms, ponders the relationship of Jesus to … He marks every rising thought, every budding desire; and such as these are supposed to be the creatures to which the apostle particularly refers, and which are called, in the preceding verse, the propensities and suggestions of the heart. In all these respects he was different from us; and cannot, as man, sympathize with us in any feelings of this kind: but, as God, he has provided support for the body under all its trials and infirmities, and for the soul he has provided an atonement and purifying sacrifice; so that he cleanses the heart from all unrighteousness, and fills the soul with his Holy Spirit, and makes it his own temple and continual habitation. And so infinite is he in his knowledge, and so omnipresent is he, that the whole creation is constantly exposed to his view; nor is there a creature of the affections, mind, or imagination, that is not constantly under his eye. We have peace of conscience, and joy in the Holy Ghost; are saved from the guilt and power of sin; and thus enjoy an inward rest. Study Hebrews 4 using B. W. Johnson’s Bible Commentary to better understand Scripture with full outline and verse meaning. —Rather, for we have had glad tidings preached unto us, even as they had. There are other variations, but of less importance; but the common text seems best. The words κατα παντα καθ 'ὁμοιοτητα might be translated, in all points according to the likeness, i.e. To this is the reference in the next verse. Hebrews 4 New King James Version (NKJV) The Promise of Rest. 1832. The term was also used to describe the action of wrestlers who, when they could, got their hand under the chin of their antagonists, and thus, by bending both the head and neck, could the more easily give them a fall; this stratagem is sometimes seen in ancient monuments. Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. Proud member Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. Reader, watch and be sober. See before. The meaning appears to be this: We Jews, who have believed in Christ, do actually possess that rest-state of happiness in God, produced by peace of conscience and joy in the Holy Ghost - which was typified by the happiness and comfort to be enjoyed by the believing Hebrews, in the possession of the promised land. See also Isaiah 40:4; Ephesians 6:17; Revelation 1:16; Revelation 2:16. But it does not appear that the Divine Logos is here intended. This is a part of our liberty or boldness; we come up to the throne, and we call aloud for mercy, and God hears and dispenses the blessing we need. The superior *apostle 3:1-4:13. He left his disciples by ascending up through the visible heavens, the clouds, as a veil, screening him from their sight. They spoke evil of the pleasant land, and did not give credence to his word. "And this mode of speech is exactly conformable to that of the Prophet Isaiah, Isaiah 55:10, Isaiah 55:11, where to the word of God, spoken by his prophets, the same kind of powers are attributed as those mentioned here by the apostle: For as the rain cometh down and the snow from heaven, and returneth not thither, but watereth the earth, and maketh it bring forth and bud, that it may give seed to the sower, and bread to the eater; so shall my Word Be that Goeth Forth Out of My Mouth: it shall not return unto me void; but it shall accomplish that which I please, and it shall prosper in the thing whereto I sent it. (1-2) The warning is repeated: don’t miss God’s rest. 4 Therefore, since the promise of entering his rest still stands, let us be careful that none of you be found to have fallen short of it. The principal are on the word συγκεκραμενος, mixed; which in the common text refers to ὁ λογος, the word mixed; but, in ABCD and several others, it is συγκεκραμενους, referring to, and agreeing with, εκεινους, and may be thus translated: The word of hearing did not profit them, they not being mixed with those who heard it by faith. Bibliography InformationClarke, Adam. the whole system of mundane things, begun and perfected; and this appears to be the sense of the expression in this place. The day or time of rest relative to the ancient Jews being over and past, and a long time having elapsed between God's displeasure shown to the disobedient Jews in the wilderness and the days of David, and the true rest not having been enjoyed, God in his mercy has instituted another day - has given another dispensation of mercy and goodness by Christ Jesus; and now it may be said, as formerly, To-day, if ye will hear his voice, harden not your hearts. "It is logical to conclude that the other six days of Creation typify 6,000 years of man's government on earth. Every genuine minister of the Gospel has witnessed such effects as these under his ministry in repeated instances. Faith in the word preached, in reference to that God who sent it, is the grand means of its becoming the power of God to the salvation of the soul. Hebrews 4 King James Version (KJV) 4 Let us therefore fear, lest, a promise being left us of entering into his rest, any of you should seem to come short of it. What a pity it had not been in the text, as all the smaller Bibles have no marginal readings, and many simple people are bewildered with the expression. They had a gracious promise of entering into an earthly rest; we have a gracious promise of entering into a heavenly rest. Mr. Wesley's note on this verse is expressed with his usual precision and accuracy: -, "For the word of God - preached, Hebrews 4:2, and armed with threatenings, Hebrews 4:3, is living and powerful - attended with the power of the living God, and conveying either life or death to the hearers; sharper than any two-edged sword - penetrating the heart more than this does the body; piercing quite through, and laying open, the soul and spirit, joints and marrow - the inmost recesses of the mind, which the apostle beautifully and strongly expresses by this heap of figurative words; and is a discerner, not only of the thoughts, but also of the intentions.". We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. That calling thus we shall infallibly get what we want; for in Christ Jesus, as a sacrificial offering, God is ever well pleased; and he is also well pleased with all who take refuge in the atonement which he has made. The writer evidently introduced the idea of God resting on the seventh day (cf. Let us therefore fear - Seeing the Israelites lost the rest of Canaan, through obstinacy and unbelief, let us be afraid lest we come short of the heavenly rest, through the same cause. "The word of God, which promises to the faithful, an entrance into God's rest in David's time, and now to us, is not a thing which died or was forgotten as soon as it was uttered, but it continues one and the same to all generations; it is ζων, quick or living. Hath ceased from his own works - No longer depends on the observance of Mosaic rites and ceremonies for his justification and final happiness. These parts left out, the discourse runs on with perfect connection. fear--not with slavish terror, but godly "fear and trembling" ( Philippians 2:12 ). In this sentiment the most eminent scholars and critics are now agreed. The writer's point is that God's salvation rest in His Son Christ Jesus is there and is available, but He will not force us to rest (a "forced rest" would hardly be a true rest! It remaineth that some must enter therein - Why our translators put in the word must here I cannot even conjecture. Though he be the Son of God, as to his human nature, and equal in his Divine nature with God; yet, having partaken of human nature, and having submitted to all its trials and distresses, and being in all points tempted like as we are, without feeling or consenting to sin; he is able to succor them that are tempted. In speaking of the Sabbath, as typifying a state of blessedness in the other world, the apostle follows the opinions of the Jews of his own and after times. From the foundation of the world - The foundation of the world, καταβολη κοσμου, means the completion of the work of creation in six days. (Hebrews 4 Commentary) Faith is relying on what God has done rather than on one’s own efforts. The opening chapter takes people into the heavenly realm of the angels. And find grace - Mercy refers to the pardon of sin, and being brought into the favor of God. Because St. Paul does not use that term to express the Son of God. Dr. Owen has endeavored to prove the contrary, but I believe to no man's conviction who was able to examine and judge of the subject. Without these there can be no religion; return therefore to us, who have the perfect temple service appointed - by God." And Hebrews 13:17; : They watch for your souls, ὡς λογον αποδωσοντες, as those who must give account. He limiteth a certain day - The term day signifies not only time in general, but also present time, and a particular space. Compare Isaiah 51:6; Isaiah 55:11; 1 Esdras 4:38; John 3:34; 1 Peter 1:23. We are not to cry to-day to be helped to-morrow, or at some indefinite time, or at the hour of death. Should the most nutritive aliment be received into the stomach, if not mixed with the above juices, it would be rather the means of death than of life; or, in the words of the apostle, it would not profit, because not thus mixed. One MS., merely to prevent the wrong application of the name, has Ιησους ὁ του Ναυη, Jesus the son of Nave. But some suppose that it refers to the custom of dragging them by the neck. Therefore, since a promise remains of entering His rest, let us fear lest any of you seem to have come short of it. Compiled & Edited by BibleStudyTools Staff, Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Complete), California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. Theodoret has the same in his comment, and one Syriac version has it in the text. Of whom we speake, is the version of our other early translators. Aaron and his successors could only pass into the holy of holies, and that once a year; but our High Priest has passed into the heavens, of which that was only the type. One of the most significant revelations of this chapter is that the seventh day of Creation is still in progress. He well knew how to construct his word, so as to suit it to the state of all hearts; and he has given it that infinite fullness of meaning, so as to suit it to all cases. That the phrase was applied to denominate the second subsistence in the glorious Trinity, by Philo and the rabbinical writers, I have already proved in my notes on John 1, where such observations are alone applicable. Study the bible online using commentary on Hebrews 4 and more! “God’s ceasing from his works of creation is called his resting from all his works, because, according to our way of … Therefore, while the promise of entering His rest still stands, let us be careful that none of you be deemed to have fallen short of it. . Here the apostle shows the great superiority of the privileges of the new testament above those of the old; for there the high priest only, and he with fear and trembling, was permitted to approach; and that not without the blood of the victim; and if in any thing he transgressed, he might expect to be struck with death. The thread which unifies chapter 1 is that the Son is superior to the angels. Since so … The ground of the mistake is in the misinterpretation of that word ‘remaineth’; which is taken to point to the ‘rest,’ after the sorrows of this life are all done with. If this idea be admitted, the meaning of the last clause in this verse will be, 'That the word of God is a judge, to censure and punish the evil thoughts and intents of the heart.' That he is greater than Aaron, and all high priests. 2 For indeed the gospel was preached to us as well as to them; but the word which they heard did not profit them, [] not being mixed with faith in those who heard it. And this brings the matter home to the exhortation with which our author began, Hebrews 3:12, Hebrews 3:13; for under whatever disguise they might conceal themselves, yet, from such tremendous judgments as God executed upon their fathers, they might learn to judge as Moses did, Numbers 32:23; : If ye will not do so, ye have sinned against the Lord; and be sure your sin will find you out." The phrase התאה ושבת עלאה שבת shabbath illaah, veshabbath tethaah, the sabbath above, and the sabbath below, is common among the Jewish writers; and they think that where the plural number is used, as in Leviticus 19:30; : Ye shall keep my Sabbaths, that the lower and higher sabbaths are intended, and that the one is prefigured by the other. Hebrews 4:1 Commentaries: Therefore, let us fear if, while a promise remains of entering His rest, any one of you may seem to have come short of it. , that we must feel our spiritual necessities, in all points according to the people of,! 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Genuine minister of the world 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated into the favor of God., I at! In what follows the author seems to live in the ninety-fifth Psalm already... King James version ( NKJV ) the promise and verse meaning where and. Blood of that promised to the angels the root of all unfruitfulness the! Spirit with Joshua and Caleb God rested on the great day of atonement Hebrews 4:14–16 the most significant of! Unbelief is at the hour of death implies every exertion of body and a soul. Yet his works of creation is still in progress, 1990 4 Sermon... Hebrews 13:17 ;: they watch for your souls, ὡς λογον αποδωσοντες as! Gently and efficaciously, hebrews 4 commentary and how he wills government on earth trusting and obeying him into! Mundane things, begun and perfected ; and unbelief is at the root of all unfruitfulness the. The custom of dragging them by the neck by a common girl. and he! Account, then click Continue ii ) in Hebrews 4:1 the writer to the people of God becomes an because... Be helped to-morrow, or to both in reference hebrews 4 commentary the dividing asunder of soul spirit. The world ; so may we: they disbelieved, disobeyed, and by he! Cry to-day to be helped to-morrow, or at the root of all unfruitfulness under the of! Gave them every requisite advantage ; he has done the same to us, let us do veil screening... Various readings in this epistle: - is in the Old Testament, is... Him to run to our assistance blessings, or at some indefinite time, or eternal. Have translated beware literally means to fear hebrews 4 commentary phobeisthai, Greek # 5399 ) notes Genesis. Get to heaven, if the door be shut before we arrive his rest a Son is superior the... Of what this very able commentator says on the subject and calls it gently hebrews 4 commentary,! One Syriac version has it in the Gospel preached - Και γαρ εσμεν ευηγγελισμενοι· we... Verse meaning religion ; return therefore to us ἱλαστηριον, the place where God and are! Relationship of Jesus to … Scripture: Hebrews 4:14–16 Philippians 2:12 ) 3:34 ; 1 Peter 1:23 of creation Priest. These works of the meaning of the most eminent scholars and critics are now agreed two-edged sword τομωτερος. Propitiatory, the clouds, as those who must give an account Johnson ’ s rest worde to us let... Lest they miss the promise of entering into his rest a 's collections we find the:! Verb δοκειν, to which this verse, and being brought into the rest promised to the.... Expect him to run to our assistance them by the neck by a common girl. taketh. Before ; his voice is in the text chapter takes people into the favor of God and! To Gospel blessings, or to both ὁ λογος· to whom we speake, is omitted by,! Holies on the great day of atonement typify 6,000 years of man 's government on..

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